Ph.D.: Biophysical Chemistry, Stanford University, 2001
Postdoctoral Fellow: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow University of California San Diego 2001 ? 2005
Chemical biology, biosensor design, imaging of signal transduction pathways
Our research combines in vitro spectroscopic and biophysical techniques, protein design and engineering for the development of novel probes, and cellular imaging studies to elucidate the mechanism of cellular signaling pathways. We are focused on understanding pathways involved in metal/ion homeostasis and apoptosis as they contribute to disease (Alzheimer?s disease and cancer) or pathogenic processes (neurodegeneration).
Our lab uses a variety of techniques (molecular evolution, phage display, rational protein design, and peptide synthesis) to develop sensors and reporters based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The sensors make use of a wide array of fluorescent proteins that undergo energy transfer when in close proximity and are designed such that binding of the target causes a change in FRET that can be monitored with a fluorometer (in vitro) or with a fluorescent microscope (in cells). Because the sensors can be genetically encoded, they can be targeted to specific subcellular locations, enabling us to examine the spatial variability and compartmentalization of different signaling processes within the context of live cells. The advantage of such sensors is that they permit the study of reactions while preserving the complex network of interactions that occurs inside a cell and preserve the temporal control/dynamics of different processes. In addition to visualizing cellular processes, we are developing peptide-based probes that permit acute perturbation of reaction pathways to enhance our understanding of critical signaling reactions.
A powerful complement to these cellular studies are spectroscopic and biophysical methods (absorption, circular dichroism, electron paramagnetic resonance, fluorescence, fluorescence anisotropy, stopped-flow, and surface plasmon resonance) that provide detailed information on the bonding nature, kinetics, and thermodynamics of protein-metal, protein-small molecule, and protein-protein interactions.
Specific projects in the lab include 1) the development of genetically encoded zinc sensors and examination of the role of zinc in neuronal signal transduction, 2) the design of peptide-based tools to perturb protein-protein interactions, and 3) development of probes to study the connection between amyloid-beta and calcium dysregulation.